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Biography

The preeminent American artist Sol LeWitt (1928–2007, b. Hartford, Connecticut), whose pioneering style defies categorization, is well-known for his wall drawings as well as his many variations of open cube structures, complex forms, and works on paper. A critical departure from the tradition of object-based art, he believed in the primacy of the idea, famously stating: “The idea becomes a machine that makes the art.” LeWitt executed his first wall drawing for Paula Cooper Galleryʼs inaugural show in 1968. In November 2008, “Sol LeWitt: A Wall Drawing Retrospective” opened at the Massachusetts Museum of Contemporary Art, where it will remain on view for 35 years. Recent one-person presentations include those at the Institute of Contemporary Art, Miami, and the Modern Institute, Glasgow. LeWittʼs works are in numerous public collections, including the Museum of Modern Art, the Whitney Museum of American Art, the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, the Art Institute of Chicago, the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, the Centre National dʼArt Moderne Georges Pompidou, Paris, the Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam, Turinʼs Castello di Rivoli, the Moderna Museet Stockholm and the Tate Gallery, London.

Selected Works

Selected Works Thumbnails
Sol LeWitt Tower (Frankfurt), 1990 concrete blocks 20 ft. 10 in. x 9 ft. 10 in. x 9 ft. 10 in. (6 m 35 cm x 3 m x 3 m). Installation view, Miami, FL, in association with ICA Miami, Nov 1, 2017 – Oct 15, 2018.

Sol LeWitt
Tower (Frankfurt), 1990
concrete blocks
20 ft. 10 in. x 9 ft. 10 in. x 9 ft. 10 in. (6 m 35 cm x 3 m x 3 m). Installation view, Miami, FL, in association with ICA Miami, Nov 1, 2017 – Oct 15, 2018.

Sol LeWitt Tower (Lodz), 1993 concrete blocks 288 x 128 x 128 in. (731.5 x 325.1 x 325.1 cm); each block: 16 x 8 x 8 in. (40.6 x 20.3 x 20.3 cm). Installation view, Miami, FL, in association with ICA Miami, Nov 1, 2017 – Oct 15, 2018

Sol LeWitt
Tower (Lodz), 1993
concrete blocks
288 x 128 x 128 in. (731.5 x 325.1 x 325.1 cm); each block: 16 x 8 x 8 in. (40.6 x 20.3 x 20.3 cm). Installation view, Miami, FL, in association with ICA Miami, Nov 1, 2017 – Oct 15, 2018.

Sol LeWitt Irregular Form, 1998 gouache on paper 22 x 22 in. (55 x 55 cm); framed: 26 x 26 in. (66 x 66 cm)

Sol LeWitt
Irregular Form, 1998
gouache on paper
22 x 22 in. (55 x 55 cm); framed: 26 x 26 in. (66 x 66 cm)

Sol LeWitt Incomplete Open Cube 5/1, 1974 baked enamel on aluminum 42 x 42 x 42 inches (106.68 x 106.68 x 106.68 cm)

Sol LeWitt
Incomplete Open Cube 5/1, 1974
baked enamel on aluminum
42 x 42 x 42 inches (106.68 x 106.68 x 106.68 cm)

Sol LeWitt Incomplete Open Cube 4/4, 1974 baked enamel on aluminum 42 x 42 x 42 in. (106.7 x 106.7 x 106.7 cm)

Sol LeWitt
Incomplete Open Cube 4/4, 1974
baked enamel on aluminum
42 x 42 x 42 in. (106.7 x 106.7 x 106.7 cm)

Sol LeWitt Wall Drawing #1165: Drawing Series, Part I, #2A & 2B, work completed 1969; copyright 1974 First drawn by: Sachiko Cho, Matt DeJong, July 2005, San Francisco; colored pencil (red, blue, yellow & black); , 2 drawings each: 48 x 48 in (122 x 122 cm).

Sol LeWitt
Wall Drawing #1165: Drawing Series, Part I, #2A & 2B, work completed 1969; copyright 1974
First drawn by: Sachiko Cho, Matt DeJong, July 2005, San Francisco; colored pencil (red, blue, yellow & black); , 2 drawings
each: 48 x 48 in (122 x 122 cm).

Sol LeWitt Irregular Grid, 1999 gouache on paper 60 1/2 x 61 1/2 in. (153.7 x 156.2 cm); frame: 66 3/4 x 67 3/4 x 2 1/4 in. (169.5 x 172.1 x 5.7 cm)

Sol LeWitt
Irregular Grid, 1999
gouache on paper
60 1/2 x 61 1/2 in. (153.7 x 156.2 cm); frame: 66 3/4 x 67 3/4 x 2 1/4 in. (169.5 x 172.1 x 5.7 cm)

Sol LeWitt Complex Form #9, 1988 white painted wood 39 3/8 x 39 3/8 x 39 3/8 in. (100 x 100 x 100 cm)

Sol LeWitt
Complex Form #9, 1988
white painted wood
39 3/8 x 39 3/8 x 39 3/8 in. (100 x 100 x 100 cm)

Sol LeWitt Wall Drawing #1183: Eight bands of color, September 2005 acrylic height: 9 ft 3 in. (281.9 cm) ​Installation view, Cahiers d'Art, Paris, France, 2017. First drawn by: Takeshi Arita, April Ann Gymiski, Reese Inman. First installation: Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum, Boston, MA.

Sol LeWitt
Wall Drawing #1183: Eight bands of color, September 2005
acrylic
height: 9 ft 3 in. (281.9 cm)
Installation view, Cahiers d'Art, Paris, France, 2017. First drawn by: Takeshi Arita, April Ann Gymiski, Reese Inman. First installation: Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum, Boston, MA.

Sol LeWitt Autobiography, 1980 Black and white photographs mounted on board ​60 pieces 12 x 22 in. (30.5 x 55.9 cm) each; board: 13 1/2 x 23 1/2 in. (34.3 x 59.7 cm); framed each: 14 1/4 x 24 1/4 x 1 1/2 in. (36.2 x 61.6 x 3.8 cm)

Sol LeWitt
Autobiography, 1980
Black and white photographs mounted on board
60 pieces 12 x 22 in. (30.5 x 55.9 cm) each; board: 13 1/2 x 23 1/2 in. (34.3 x 59.7 cm); framed each: 14 1/4 x 24 1/4 x 1 1/2 in. (36.2 x 61.6 x 3.8 cm)

Sol LeWitt Black Styrofoam on Black Wall, September 1993 Painted black styrofoam and latex paint on black wall, dimensions variable, First Installed: Konrad Fischer Galerie, Düsseldorf.

Sol LeWitt
Black Styrofoam on Black Wall, September 1993
Painted black styrofoam and latex paint on black wall, dimensions variable, First Installed: Konrad Fischer Galerie, Düsseldorf.

Sol Lewitt Brushstrokes, 1996 gouache on paper 60 1/2 x 92 1/2 in. (153.7 x 235 cm); frame: 66 x 98 1/8 x 2 1/2 in. (167.6 x 249.2 x 6.4 cm)

Sol Lewitt
Brushstrokes, 1996
gouache on paper
60 1/2 x 92 1/2 in. (153.7 x 235 cm); frame: 66 x 98 1/8 x 2 1/2 in. (167.6 x 249.2 x 6.4 cm)

Sol LeWitt Wall Drawing #1241. A cube with scribble bands in four directions. One direction on each face., First installation: Paula Cooper Gallery, July 2007 , black pencil, 16 x 16 x 16 feet (480 x 480 x 480 cm), First drawn by: Charles Allen, Takeshi Arita, Andrew Colbert, Nathan Gwynne, John Hogan, Gabriel Hurier, Sara Krugman, Nicholas Lennard, Roland Lusk, Roger Gaitan Marcos, Thomas Spoerndle, Michael-Benjamin Vedder

Sol LeWitt
Wall Drawing #1241. A cube with scribble bands in four directions. One direction on each face., First installation: Paula Cooper Gallery, July 2007 , black pencil, 16 x 16 x 16 feet (480 x 480 x 480 cm), First drawn by: Charles Allen, Takeshi Arita, Andrew Colbert, Nathan Gwynne, John Hogan, Gabriel Hurier, Sara Krugman, Nicholas Lennard, Roland Lusk, Roger Gaitan Marcos, Thomas Spoerndle, Michael-Benjamin Vedder

Sol LeWitt Wall Drawing #415B. Double drawing. Left: Isometric figure with progressively darker gradations of gray on one of the four planes. Right: Isometric figure with a different color ( gray, yellow, red, blue) on each plane., May 1984, black ink wash, color ink wash, dimensions variable , First drawn by: Benoit Bidault Boone, Pascale Petit, Anthony Sansotta, Pietro Sparta

Sol LeWitt
Wall Drawing #415B. Double drawing. Left: Isometric figure with progressively darker gradations of gray on one of the four planes. Right: Isometric figure with a different color ( gray, yellow, red, blue) on each plane., May 1984, black ink wash, color ink wash, dimensions variable , First drawn by: Benoit Bidault Boone, Pascale Petit, Anthony Sansotta, Pietro Sparta

Sol LeWitt Wall Drawing #122, January 1972 black pencil grid, blue crayon arcs and lines, dimensions variable, First Drawn by: Sol LeWitt, Steve Ringle Drawn by: Sachiko Cho, Brianne Caitlin Doak, Lacey Fekishazy, Clinton King, Hidemi Nomura

Sol LeWitt
Wall Drawing #122, January 1972
black pencil grid, blue crayon arcs and lines, dimensions variable, First Drawn by: Sol LeWitt, Steve Ringle Drawn by: Sachiko Cho, Brianne Caitlin Doak, Lacey Fekishazy, Clinton King, Hidemi Nomura

Sol LeWitt 123454321 (+), 1978-80 wood, painted white / 13 units 38 1/4 x 187 3/4 x 187 3/4 in (97.2 x 476.9 x 476.9 cm)

Sol LeWitt
123454321 (+), 1978-80
wood, painted white / 13 units
38 1/4 x 187 3/4 x 187 3/4 in (97.2 x 476.9 x 476.9 cm)

Sol LeWitt Tangled Bands, 2002 gouache on paper 60 1/2 x 60 1/2 in. (153.7 x 153.7 cm), frame: 66 3/4 x 66 3/4 x 2 1/4 in. (169.5 x 169.5 x 5.7 cm)

Sol LeWitt
Tangled Bands, 2002
gouache on paper
60 1/2 x 60 1/2 in. (153.7 x 153.7 cm), frame: 66 3/4 x 66 3/4 x 2 1/4 in. (169.5 x 169.5 x 5.7 cm)

Sol LeWitt Wall Drawing #1152: Whirls and Twirls, 2005 Installation view, "Sol LeWitt on the Roof: Splotches, Whirls and Twirls," Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.

Sol LeWitt
Wall Drawing #1152: Whirls and Twirls, 2005
Installation view, "Sol LeWitt on the Roof: Splotches, Whirls and Twirls," Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.

Sol LeWitt: Accrochage, Punta della Dogana, Palazzo Grassi, François Pinault Foundation, Venice, 2016.

Sol LeWitt: Accrochage, Punta della Dogana, Palazzo Grassi, François Pinault Foundation, Venice, 2016.

Sol LeWitt Tower (Frankfurt), 1990 concrete blocks 20 ft. 10 in. x 9 ft. 10 in. x 9 ft. 10 in. (6 m 35 cm x 3 m x 3 m). Installation view, Miami, FL, in association with ICA Miami, Nov 1, 2017 – Oct 15, 2018.

Sol LeWitt
Tower (Frankfurt), 1990
concrete blocks
20 ft. 10 in. x 9 ft. 10 in. x 9 ft. 10 in. (6 m 35 cm x 3 m x 3 m). Installation view, Miami, FL, in association with ICA Miami, Nov 1, 2017 – Oct 15, 2018.

Sol LeWitt Tower (Lodz), 1993 concrete blocks 288 x 128 x 128 in. (731.5 x 325.1 x 325.1 cm); each block: 16 x 8 x 8 in. (40.6 x 20.3 x 20.3 cm). Installation view, Miami, FL, in association with ICA Miami, Nov 1, 2017 – Oct 15, 2018

Sol LeWitt
Tower (Lodz), 1993
concrete blocks
288 x 128 x 128 in. (731.5 x 325.1 x 325.1 cm); each block: 16 x 8 x 8 in. (40.6 x 20.3 x 20.3 cm). Installation view, Miami, FL, in association with ICA Miami, Nov 1, 2017 – Oct 15, 2018.

Sol LeWitt Irregular Form, 1998 gouache on paper 22 x 22 in. (55 x 55 cm); framed: 26 x 26 in. (66 x 66 cm)

Sol LeWitt
Irregular Form, 1998
gouache on paper
22 x 22 in. (55 x 55 cm); framed: 26 x 26 in. (66 x 66 cm)

Sol LeWitt Incomplete Open Cube 5/1, 1974 baked enamel on aluminum 42 x 42 x 42 inches (106.68 x 106.68 x 106.68 cm)

Sol LeWitt
Incomplete Open Cube 5/1, 1974
baked enamel on aluminum
42 x 42 x 42 inches (106.68 x 106.68 x 106.68 cm)

Sol LeWitt Incomplete Open Cube 4/4, 1974 baked enamel on aluminum 42 x 42 x 42 in. (106.7 x 106.7 x 106.7 cm)

Sol LeWitt
Incomplete Open Cube 4/4, 1974
baked enamel on aluminum
42 x 42 x 42 in. (106.7 x 106.7 x 106.7 cm)

Sol LeWitt Wall Drawing #1165: Drawing Series, Part I, #2A & 2B, work completed 1969; copyright 1974 First drawn by: Sachiko Cho, Matt DeJong, July 2005, San Francisco; colored pencil (red, blue, yellow & black); , 2 drawings each: 48 x 48 in (122 x 122 cm).

Sol LeWitt
Wall Drawing #1165: Drawing Series, Part I, #2A & 2B, work completed 1969; copyright 1974
First drawn by: Sachiko Cho, Matt DeJong, July 2005, San Francisco; colored pencil (red, blue, yellow & black); , 2 drawings
each: 48 x 48 in (122 x 122 cm).

Sol LeWitt Irregular Grid, 1999 gouache on paper 60 1/2 x 61 1/2 in. (153.7 x 156.2 cm); frame: 66 3/4 x 67 3/4 x 2 1/4 in. (169.5 x 172.1 x 5.7 cm)

Sol LeWitt
Irregular Grid, 1999
gouache on paper
60 1/2 x 61 1/2 in. (153.7 x 156.2 cm); frame: 66 3/4 x 67 3/4 x 2 1/4 in. (169.5 x 172.1 x 5.7 cm)

Sol LeWitt Complex Form #9, 1988 white painted wood 39 3/8 x 39 3/8 x 39 3/8 in. (100 x 100 x 100 cm)

Sol LeWitt
Complex Form #9, 1988
white painted wood
39 3/8 x 39 3/8 x 39 3/8 in. (100 x 100 x 100 cm)

Sol LeWitt Wall Drawing #1183: Eight bands of color, September 2005 acrylic height: 9 ft 3 in. (281.9 cm) ​Installation view, Cahiers d'Art, Paris, France, 2017. First drawn by: Takeshi Arita, April Ann Gymiski, Reese Inman. First installation: Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum, Boston, MA.

Sol LeWitt
Wall Drawing #1183: Eight bands of color, September 2005
acrylic
height: 9 ft 3 in. (281.9 cm)
Installation view, Cahiers d'Art, Paris, France, 2017. First drawn by: Takeshi Arita, April Ann Gymiski, Reese Inman. First installation: Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum, Boston, MA.

Sol LeWitt Autobiography, 1980 Black and white photographs mounted on board ​60 pieces 12 x 22 in. (30.5 x 55.9 cm) each; board: 13 1/2 x 23 1/2 in. (34.3 x 59.7 cm); framed each: 14 1/4 x 24 1/4 x 1 1/2 in. (36.2 x 61.6 x 3.8 cm)

Sol LeWitt
Autobiography, 1980
Black and white photographs mounted on board
60 pieces 12 x 22 in. (30.5 x 55.9 cm) each; board: 13 1/2 x 23 1/2 in. (34.3 x 59.7 cm); framed each: 14 1/4 x 24 1/4 x 1 1/2 in. (36.2 x 61.6 x 3.8 cm)

Sol LeWitt Black Styrofoam on Black Wall, September 1993 Painted black styrofoam and latex paint on black wall, dimensions variable, First Installed: Konrad Fischer Galerie, Düsseldorf.

Sol LeWitt
Black Styrofoam on Black Wall, September 1993
Painted black styrofoam and latex paint on black wall, dimensions variable, First Installed: Konrad Fischer Galerie, Düsseldorf.

Sol Lewitt Brushstrokes, 1996 gouache on paper 60 1/2 x 92 1/2 in. (153.7 x 235 cm); frame: 66 x 98 1/8 x 2 1/2 in. (167.6 x 249.2 x 6.4 cm)

Sol Lewitt
Brushstrokes, 1996
gouache on paper
60 1/2 x 92 1/2 in. (153.7 x 235 cm); frame: 66 x 98 1/8 x 2 1/2 in. (167.6 x 249.2 x 6.4 cm)

Sol LeWitt Wall Drawing #1241. A cube with scribble bands in four directions. One direction on each face., First installation: Paula Cooper Gallery, July 2007 , black pencil, 16 x 16 x 16 feet (480 x 480 x 480 cm), First drawn by: Charles Allen, Takeshi Arita, Andrew Colbert, Nathan Gwynne, John Hogan, Gabriel Hurier, Sara Krugman, Nicholas Lennard, Roland Lusk, Roger Gaitan Marcos, Thomas Spoerndle, Michael-Benjamin Vedder

Sol LeWitt
Wall Drawing #1241. A cube with scribble bands in four directions. One direction on each face., First installation: Paula Cooper Gallery, July 2007 , black pencil, 16 x 16 x 16 feet (480 x 480 x 480 cm), First drawn by: Charles Allen, Takeshi Arita, Andrew Colbert, Nathan Gwynne, John Hogan, Gabriel Hurier, Sara Krugman, Nicholas Lennard, Roland Lusk, Roger Gaitan Marcos, Thomas Spoerndle, Michael-Benjamin Vedder

Sol LeWitt Wall Drawing #415B. Double drawing. Left: Isometric figure with progressively darker gradations of gray on one of the four planes. Right: Isometric figure with a different color ( gray, yellow, red, blue) on each plane., May 1984, black ink wash, color ink wash, dimensions variable , First drawn by: Benoit Bidault Boone, Pascale Petit, Anthony Sansotta, Pietro Sparta

Sol LeWitt
Wall Drawing #415B. Double drawing. Left: Isometric figure with progressively darker gradations of gray on one of the four planes. Right: Isometric figure with a different color ( gray, yellow, red, blue) on each plane., May 1984, black ink wash, color ink wash, dimensions variable , First drawn by: Benoit Bidault Boone, Pascale Petit, Anthony Sansotta, Pietro Sparta

Sol LeWitt Wall Drawing #122, January 1972 black pencil grid, blue crayon arcs and lines, dimensions variable, First Drawn by: Sol LeWitt, Steve Ringle Drawn by: Sachiko Cho, Brianne Caitlin Doak, Lacey Fekishazy, Clinton King, Hidemi Nomura

Sol LeWitt
Wall Drawing #122, January 1972
black pencil grid, blue crayon arcs and lines, dimensions variable, First Drawn by: Sol LeWitt, Steve Ringle Drawn by: Sachiko Cho, Brianne Caitlin Doak, Lacey Fekishazy, Clinton King, Hidemi Nomura

Sol LeWitt 123454321 (+), 1978-80 wood, painted white / 13 units 38 1/4 x 187 3/4 x 187 3/4 in (97.2 x 476.9 x 476.9 cm)

Sol LeWitt
123454321 (+), 1978-80
wood, painted white / 13 units
38 1/4 x 187 3/4 x 187 3/4 in (97.2 x 476.9 x 476.9 cm)

Sol LeWitt Tangled Bands, 2002 gouache on paper 60 1/2 x 60 1/2 in. (153.7 x 153.7 cm), frame: 66 3/4 x 66 3/4 x 2 1/4 in. (169.5 x 169.5 x 5.7 cm)

Sol LeWitt
Tangled Bands, 2002
gouache on paper
60 1/2 x 60 1/2 in. (153.7 x 153.7 cm), frame: 66 3/4 x 66 3/4 x 2 1/4 in. (169.5 x 169.5 x 5.7 cm)

Sol LeWitt Wall Drawing #1152: Whirls and Twirls, 2005 Installation view, "Sol LeWitt on the Roof: Splotches, Whirls and Twirls," Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.

Sol LeWitt
Wall Drawing #1152: Whirls and Twirls, 2005
Installation view, "Sol LeWitt on the Roof: Splotches, Whirls and Twirls," Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.

Sol LeWitt: Accrochage, Punta della Dogana, Palazzo Grassi, François Pinault Foundation, Venice, 2016.

Sol LeWitt: Accrochage, Punta della Dogana, Palazzo Grassi, François Pinault Foundation, Venice, 2016.